Effect and Impact:
To measure the achievement of the program objective, hypothesis and impact indicators arise. Each scenario was framed in a specific field of intervention.
A. Rural families
hey strengthen their capacities and implement adaptation measures to climate change contributing to the sustainability of their livelihoods.
- More than 1,200 families participated in farmers competitions organized with local governments and rural communities, improving their management practices of natural resources and rural production.
- The number of families (210) that perform natural grasslands grazing ordered in 27%.
- 667 of 745 families (89.5%) installed agroforestry systems.
- 589 of 745 families (79%) performed composting, irrigation and protection in their family farm, with 54% yield of plantations.
- 402 of 745 families (54%) incorporated dormant alfalfa, less demanding of water.
- 745 328 families (44%) increased the silage, and 417 of 745 families (56%) improved its use.
- 425 of 745 families (57%) improved their familiar habitat (improved stoves, expansion and improvement in the distribution of spaces and latrines).
- 344 of 430 families (84%) performed water consolidation through small qochas, storing 47,397 m³ of water and closure of 77 hectares of pasture.
- 217 of 430 families (50.46%) fitted out 300 rotating grazing fields to improve vegetation cover and increase water infiltration.
- 276 of 430 families (64%) developed organic manure to improve soil fertility.
- 60 children less than 5 years old were included (20% increase compared to 2011 with the Food Security Public Investment Project) in the community monitoring of the Child Survival and Development program.
- 417 of 463 families (90%) settled agroforestry systems with native and exotic fruit plants.
- 403 of 463 families (87%) improved their irrigation practices by gravity and/or installed technically advanced systems (sprinkler system).
- 105 of 340 families (31%) performed water consolidation through small qochas in basin headwaters storing 6300 m³ of water by the closure of 65 hectares of natural pastures.
- 29 hectares installed with sprinkler systems in the communities of Vito (17) and Silco (12) to improve the efficiency of water use.
- 250 of 340 families (73.5%) fitted out rotary courts ordered grazing management to improve plant cover and increase water infiltration, reducing erosion.
- 170 of 340 families (50%) developed organic manure to improve soil fertility and 150 of 340 (44%) repaired their Andenes (terraces).
- 128 mothers with children less than 5 years old were trained in food security, achieving rescuing 11 children at nutritional risk.
- 6.4% reduction in chronic child malnutrition in children under five years old in the district Kunturkanki, over a period of two years, as the impact of the implementation of the Public Investment Project for Food Security in Climate Change conditions, advised and funded by the PACC and implemented by the municipality and the district health center (involving 263 families with 146 boys, 135 girls under five years old and 10 pregnant women)
- 1039 familias de las microcuencas Huacrahuacho y Mollebamba realizaron al menos una inversión en el mejoramiento o introducción de nuevas prácticas a raíz de la intervención del programa, con un promedio de S/. 700 por familia en cada uno de los cuatro ciclos de concursos campesinos. En Huacrahuacho, se estiman S/. 1 564 500 de inversión familiar vs. S/. 1 106 649 de inversión de cooperación. En Mollebamba, S/. 972 300 de inversión familiar vs. S/. 993 743 de inversión de cooperación. Esto pone en evidencia que, aún en sectores de alta pobreza, existen capacidades y recursos que pueden ser movilizados cuando las poblaciones visualizan los beneficios que pueden reportar estas acciones.
B. Rural communities
In December 2012 the total number of rural communities (23) assumed agreements and community actions for the treatment of tributary streams, improving the environment and increasing the infiltration capacity of the water, and also their local authorities for project finance related.
- 18 of 23 communities have established communal arrangements: e.g. infiltration ditches, recharge ditches, improvement and maintenance of natural ‘qochas’, afforestation and reforestation of headwaters and protection of springs and wetlands.
- Three communities involved in tributary streams, improving water supply (according to testimonies water sources have regained their wealth).
- 14 communities afforested communal areas with 20,190 seedlings and 46.5% yield; thirteen community nurseries were inducted for the production of 46,495 seedlings for underpinning.
- 11 of 14 irrigation trained committees (78.6%) improved the operation and maintenance of their irrigation infrastructure.
- 5 comunidades forestaron 76 ha de áreas comunales con 105 240 plantones, con un prendimiento del 55%, instalaron 4 viveros comunales para producir 64 700 plantones para recalce y protegieron 2 ha de bofedales.
- Proyectos de Inversión Pública (PIP) de ACC ejecutados como resultado de la incidencia de los líderes comunitarios en los procesos del Presupuesto Participativo Local en el distrito de Juan Espinoza Medrano.
- 3 comités de regantes lograron su reconocimiento ante el ALA Abancay y han establecido turnos de riego, cubriéndose con ello el 100% de comités de regantes de la microcuenca Mollebamba.
- 1 food security PIP executed under conditions of climate changing with an investment of S /. 4.9 million in actions of water storage, pasture management, production of quinoa, improved organic gardens, nutrition education and early childhood development. The project will continue with commitment of resources by the Regional Government of Cusco, in the approximate amount of S/.1 million.
- 1 PIP on rustic building dams with a total run of S/.40,000 ‘Nuevos Soles’.
- 3 projects approved to be implemented in 2013 with an approximate amount of S /. 591,321.00, which respond to the priorities of ELA Huacrahuacho and the District Local Plan for Coordinated Development:
1. Food Security (S /. 250,000.00)
2. Watershed comprehensive afforestation (S/.100 000.00)
3. Planting and harvesting of water (S /. 241,321.00) for the Moroccacca water consolidation project.
- A project for Planting and Harvesting Water in the amount of S/ 1 366 601.00.
- 3 projects with a total of S/. 550,000.00, which respond to the priorities of the Local Adaptation Strategy (ELA) Huacrahuacho and the District Local Plan for Coordinated Development:
1. Harvesting water in the community Hanansaya Ccollana (S/. 350,000.00)
2. Improved pastures and communal pastures (S/. 100,000.00)
3. Improvement of Parcoma sector irrigation system (S/. 100,000.00) sector.
C. Political and technical equipment
More than 1 000 professionals and technicians of local, regional and national institutions, and community leaders, strengthened knowledge, methodologies and tools used to manage the ACC.
- Over a thousand participants, authorities officials, professionals and technicians (local, regional and national), and community leaders trained between 2009 and 2012 across 23 courses/workshops, 2 workshops/seminars, 4 post graduate and 2 leadership training programs.
- 111 professionals and local, regional and national leaders (77.8%) trained in methodologies and tools applied them in their activities.
- 41 of 47 trained professionals applied the use of CRISTAL tool.
- 20 of 23 trained professionals applied the use of hydrological modeling tools PREVAH and generation of weather information through TRMM satellite images.
- Out of 25 trained professionals on Applied Glaciology who expanded their knowledge on the subject, a group began monitoring the glacier tongue in Yuraq Cancha in the Vilcanota mountain range.
- 72 of 90 professionals trained in Science and Management I, II and III post graduate facing Climate Change, increased their skills and are more competitive with job offers.
- 77 of 83 community leaders trained in the Intercultural and Experiential Training Program for Community Leaders in Climate Change rated the strengthened learning and capacities as "very good". 50% of them assumed the planning of communal activities associated with ACC.
- 14 leaders in both micro watersheds (5 in Mollebamba and 9 in Huacrahuacho) of the First Training Program in Climate Change 2011 for Communal Leaders were incorporated as Kamayoq and facilitators to advice and support to farmers participating in the 2012 contests.
- 10 community leaders (5 in Mollebamba and 5 in Huacrahuacho) of the First Leaders Program assumed leadership community positions and were hired as staff of district municipalities and special projects (IMA case in the Cusco region).
- 19 peasant leaders and trained as community videomakers produced 4 videos with peasant perceptions to climate change.
- With the experience of the 3 post graduates, UNSAAC decided to boost the Master’s Degree on Climate Change and Sustainable Development as part of its training, approval is pending.
D. Regional and local investment policies and management
Main impacts on regional and local policy
- 2 Regional Strategies against Climate Change-ERCC (Apurimac and Cusco) formulated in a participatory manner through regional thematic workshops and consultations in all the provinces of each region and approved by Regional Ordinances 020-2012- CR / GRC.CUSCO and 010-2012-GR-APURIMAC / CR, respectively.
- Implementation started in 2013 through a prioritized action plan.
- They mobilized the participation of 714 local actors from 13 provinces of Cusco and 15 regional institutions in 11 regional and 13 provincial workshops; and in Apurimac, 280 local actors in seven provinces in Apurimac of 17 regional institutions in 7 regional workshops and 7 provincial workshops.
- Local Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change in watersheds (Huacrahuacho and Mollebamba) made participatory and approved by the district municipalities of Kunturkanki and Checca in Cusco and Juan Espinoza Medrano in Apurimac. They provide guidance to the local actions of ACC and prioritization of projects in the participatory budget.
Main impacts on regional and local public investment A. In the Cusco region:
- 1 Regional PIP on Regional Environmental Information System of Cusco, approved and under implementation with a total of S/. 2.23 million.
- 1 Regional PIP on Adaptation and Improvement of Rural Production Systems to the adverse impacts of CC in Municipal commonwealths: Hermanos Ayar, Altiva Canas, Cuatro Lagunas and Chumpihuillkaq Paruroq Kallpan, profile made viable with the amount of S/. 28.3 million.
- 2 Local PIP related to adaptation to CC in Districts Kunturkanki and Checca implemented: (i) Food Security Project in CC condition in Kunturkanki, with investment of S/. 4.9 million over 3 years, and more than S/. 1 million in 2013 with funds from the Regional Government of Cusco. (ii) Project Seeding and Water Harvesting in Checca with investment of more than S/. 1.3 million.
- 6 Locations in implementing PIPs linked to afforestation, planting and harvesting of water, pasture improvement and irrigation in Kunturkanki and Checca for an amount close to S/. 1,15 million.
B. In the Apurimac region:
- 1 Regional PIP on Regional Environmental Information System of Apurimac, approved and under implementation with a total of S/. 2,2 million.
- 2 Regional Public Investment Programs with ACC criteria:
1. Capacity Development for Integrated Natural Resources Management in Conditions of Climate Change on Antabamba River Sub Watershed" enrolled in the Project Bank SNIP-MEF with a projected investment. S/. 8.9 million, and consists of 4 PIP: Forestry, Grasslands Management, Land Management and Social Water Management.
2. "Food Security in Climate Change conditions on Antabamba River Sub Watershed" inscribed in the Project Bank of the National Public Investment System (SNIP) - Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF) with a projected investment of S/. 9 million.
- 1 Regional PIP "High Andean Grassland Conservation and Recovery in 8 High Andean Peasant Communities in the Apurimac Region," inscribed in the Project Bank of the SNIP MEF with a projected investment of S/. 2.8 million.
Regional and local management
Regional Operational Units were formed - UOR Climate Change in the regional governments of Apurimac and Cusco, with representatives from each of the regional offices of these governments. These spaces have the role of advising on the building, mainstreaming and implementation of regional climate change policies through public investment and services they provide.
- These units are evolving. In Cusco is proposed based on it, creating the Regional Adaptation and Mitigation Council on Climate Change.
- In Apurimac, in pending portfolio, the Planning Center on Climate Change.
- Technical Groups on Regional Climate Change were created and organized involving regional public and private institutions for the formulation of policy proposals on climate change.
- 214 Institutions and organizations (116 in Cusco and 98 in Apurimac) with 400 representatives (453 in Cusco and 447 in Apurimac) actively participated in the debate on the impacts of climate change on regional development based on research and developments produced on management of adaptation and mitigation through 2 regional InterClimas (one in each region) made in September 2012.
- The main findings of the two InterClimas events in Apurimac and Cusco, related to the current situation of institutions in each region, approaches, methodologies and tools to integrate climate change issues in the management and planning of the regions (current status and future challenges), provided input to the National InterClima 2012.
- National InterClima 2012, was conducted in late October of that year as a mechanism to report progress, rescue learning, prioritize and facilitate the exchange of knowledge and experience to improve the coordination of efforts and facilitate monitoring the reduction of vulnerability to climate change and greenhouse gas (GEI) emissions management.
E. National policy
The Impact focused on the positioning in the national public policy of the learning generated in the framework of the experiments carried out by the regional and local actors involved in the program.
- Embedding learning in national guidance for the formulation of Regional Strategies on Climate Change published in 2012 by MINAM, which had among its inputs methodological and procedural learning in the formulation of ERCC in Apurimac and Cusco.
- The Second National Communication on Climate Change referred to the experience deployed by regional and local actors supported by the PACC.
- The experience and lessons of local and regional actors in ACC in mountain ecosystems, carried out under the program, was presented by the Ministry of Environment at COP 16 in Cancun, Mexico.
- Collaboration with the MEF and The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ) in developing a working paper on updated guidelines for the incorporation of Risk Analysis and CCA in the formulation and evaluation of the PIP.
- The PACC, at the request of MINAM, provided advisory on Institutional Framework and roles in the Planning for Climate Change Management, which gave light on the type of national policy instrument that was required for this purpose.
- Contribution in the preparation of the Peruvian delegation and the definition of negotiating positions on climate change Conference of Parties (COP) 14 and 15, conducted by Libelula, member of PACC facilitator consortium, and as part of the Program.